Posts Tagged ‘shoes’

Naturalizer Women’s Bohemia Pump

Saturday, September 24th, 2011

General Knowledge Pt. XVII


What is terroir?

Terroir is a French term that means soil or earth and is generally used to refer to all the physical and environmental characteristics in and around a particular vineyard that influence the quality of wine — climate, soil composition and geographical location. Without a direct English equivalent, terroir specifically refers to the consistent, distinctive qualities in wine that are not the results of the variety of the grape or the skills of the grower and winemaker.

What is sabre-raifling?

Sabre-rattling is an idiomatic phrase that originated in the early 20th century when an officer would threaten to draw his sabre. It usually refers to a flamboyant display of military power or as an implied threat like a company threatening another with a lawsuit.

What are heartwood and sapwood?

Wood is, in fact, the secondary xylem formed by cambium (layers of tissues) during secondary growth. As the tree grows old, the wood at the centre ceases to perform the function of conduction and is blocked with organic compounds like oil, resins, and tannins, and develops a dark colour. This darkcoloured portion of the wood is called heartwood. The peripheral, light-coloured, better water-conducting wood is called sapwood.

What was austria’s currency before the euro was introduced?

From 1924 to 1938 and between 1945 to 1999, Austria’s currency was the schilling, which was divided into 100 groschen. Thereafter, the euro replaced the schilling.

What’s special about the encoded cylinder?

The encoded cylinder refers to the Cyrillic Projector sculp ture by American artist James Sanborn which was created in the early 1990s. The 32-character Cyrillic alphabet has been used on it with the Russ ian word for ‘shadow’ — TEHb — appearing several times.

What is the big read?

It is an initiative of the National Endowment for the Arts of America designed to encourage book reading among citizens. The literature in focus is on American popular culture. The National Endowment has partnered the Institute of Museum and Library Services and Arts Midwest. Support for the Big Read is given by the W K Kellogg Foundation and a grant by the Paul G Alien Family Foundation.

How old is tintin?

Tintin is 80 — he was created in post-war France by Belgian artist Georges Remi, who took the name of Herge. Tintin is a Belgian reporter, and has a faithful fox terrier called Snowy. The comic series first appeared on January 10,1929, in a Belgian newspaper and was a hit with children. Later, Herge added the popular Captain Haddock, Professor Calculus, the two incompetent detectives, Thomson an4 Thompson and the opera singer Bianca Castafiore.

What is zorbing?

Zorbing is an extreme adventure sport involving a ball made of PVC, also called the zorb. The person, or persons,in case of ‘group zorbing’, getsinside and the ball is closed. Itis then rolled down a hill. There are two ways to zorb: one involves getting wet.

What is the devil quartet?

The devil or ‘evil quartet’ is a sobriquet used to describe four major causes that have led to the accelerated rate of extinction of species. These causes have been attributed mainly to human activities like extensive deforestation and poaching.

Which is the oldest civilization?

The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind. The term ‘Sumer’ is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In 3,000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. China is the oldest surviving civilization.

What is meant by “ceteris paribus’?

‘Ceteris paribus’ is a Latin phrase that means “with other things the same”. Ceteris paribus clauses are widely used in economics to simplify formulation and description of economic outcomes.

What is the governor’s ball at the academy awards?

The Governor’s Ball at the Academy Awards ceremony in Hollywood is its concluding event, and a celebration for the around 1,500 invitees, winners, nominees and other guests.

What is seaflux?

It is a study of the changes in oceans and its waves affected by momentum, heat and quantum of water. It involves creation of comparable datasets and constant observation of the effect of heat and momentum on the ocean front.

What is a sungrazer?

When comets break up, smaller comets and sungrazers are formed. As these approach the sun, they break into smaller fragments before colliding into it. Sungrazers are classified into families and the largest is the Kreutz family with over 500 sungrazers.

Why are zodiac signs named after animals?

The term ‘zodiac’ stands for animals. However, all zodiac signs do not represent animals, like Libra is represented by a balance. Astrologically and astronomically, zodiac signs are representative of various pattern formed by stars.

What does ‘jack of all trades’ mean?

‘Jack of all trades, master of none’ is a figure of speech used for a person who is competent with many skills but is not outstanding in any particular one. The phrase was in common use during the 1600s and was used as a term of praise. ‘Jack’ in those days was a generic term for ‘man’.

What is kosher rating?

By definition, Kosher is food prepared according to Orthodox Jewish law. Kosher rating is an internationally accepted symbol of purity and quality that is both recognized and respected throughout the world. To achieve this qualitymark, arabbi froma certified laboratoryis required toinspect the processing facilities, the formula of the stabilization method, the manufacturing process and all the ingredients in the products. The standard set are high and rigidly adhered to. Many religious groups throughout the world, especially the Jewish faith, perceive the Kosher mark as an accepted measure of high quality.

Why is the black sea called so?

In ancient times, colours were assigned to the cardinal directions — with black referring to the north. The Black Sea is an inland sea bou nd by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus, and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas and various straits. It was also called “inhospitable” (dark area, black) before Greek colonization, because it was difficult to navigate, and because its shores were inhabited by savage tribes. The waters of the Black Sea appear darker than the Mediterranean because of its hydrogen sulphide layer that begins about 200 metres below the surface and supports a uniciue microbial population which produces black sediments.

What is astrobiology?

A branch of astronomy that deals with the identification of habitable regions in the universe, the search for extraterrestrial life and effects of outer space environments on living organisms. It is the study of the origin and distribution of life in the universe. Astrobiology makes use of physics, chemistry, astronomy, biology, molecular biology, ecology, planetary science, geography and geology to investigate the possibility of life in other worlds.

What is the benga blast?

Benga is the predominant style of popular music in Kenya performed in Swahili. It combines indigenous dance rhythms with guitar music. Daniel Owino Misiani was a musician from Kenya and was known as the “the grandfather of Benga”. In 1989, D.O. Misiani and Shirati Band produced an album called Benga Blast! This was a compilation of older material and two additional tracks, Meg Nyangiand Augustine Opiyo Ochino.

What is kangaroo touch?

Kangaroo touch is a technique used to encourage skin-to-skin contact between a newborn, usually premature baby and its mother as this touch is believed to keep it healthy It is also encouraged between siblings. The name comes from the way kangaroos hold their young in their pouches. Kangaroo touch or care is now increasingly promoted in hospitals for the many benefits the mother’s warmth provides to the baby. It was initially developed to care for pre-term infants the way an incubator would in areas where it was not available.

What is a time capsule?

A time capsule is a cache of goods/information created to serve as a mode of communication with people in the future. These may include archaeologists, anthropologists or historians. The capsules are sometimes buried at sites where events are held. The term has been used since about 1939. There are two types of capsules: intentional and unintentional. Intentional time capsules are placed somewhere deliberately, to be accessed at a particular future date. Unintentional capsules are usually archaeological in nature.

Why does a bull react violently to the colour red?

It is the movement of the cloth that makes the bull react violently as like most mammals, the bull too is colourblind and cannot be affected by the colour of the cloth. When a matador moves a cloth (irrespective of the colour) in front of the bull, it perceives the movement as a threat and is angered, and as a result, reacts violently

What is the Cinderella effect?

The Cinderella effect is a term used by psychologists to describe the high incidence of stepchildren being physically or sexually abused, neglected or murdered, or otherwise mistreated at the hands of their step parents at a significantly higher rate than their genetic counterparts. It takes its name from the character Cindrella from the fairytale, who in the story was cruelly treated by her stepmother and stepsisters.

What is the origin of the term manhole?

The term manhole originated between 1785 and 1795. A manhole is a hole, usually with a round cover, through which a person may enter a sewer, drain, steam boiler, etc, especially one located in a city street. The word is a Combination of two words man and ‘hole”. However in today’s era of gender neutrality, some would argue that any use of the word ‘man’ in manhole is biased and should be avoided.

Who are the Berbers?

Berbers are the indigenous people of North Africa. They were made up of many tribes but had managed to retain their culture, Hamitic language and considerable military power during successive invasions of their land. Some berbers were Christian, some Jewish and some maintained their polytheist religion before being converted to Islam by the Arabs. The Berbers once occupied the entire stretch of land along the coast of Libya and Tunisia through Algeria, up to Morocco.

What is edupunk?

It is an education reform movement in which traditional methods teaching are set aside for a self-study approach, involving online technology — through virtual classrooms, downloadable tools and free learning material — as the favoured mode for education People taking to edupunk believe in a do-it-yourself approach and many are driven to this sort of low-cost, even free education, by a troubled economy. While free lectures and online classes may not give one a degree, they can educate effectively.

What is a cloud burst?

A cloud burst is a form of torrential rainfall accompanied by hail and thunder. It is usually observed in high altitude areas and occurs due to the formation of a low pressure area on the top of a mountain. The low pressure zone attracts clouds to the top of the mountain with great force. When they hit the peak, the moisture content is released in the form of rain. The state of Himachal Pradesh witnesses the most number of cloud bursts. Valleys affected by cloud bursts are generally strewn with huge boulders brought down by the rain. Cloud bursts mainly occur in the Himalayas and can cause ramfall of up to 75 mm per hour.

What is the origin of the word —nat’?

In the United Kingdom, Australia and many other parts of the world, the word ‘flat’ is used to mean an apartment or a house. It is derived from the Scottish word ‘fief which means the interior of a house. In Old English, flet means house or floor. The word flat may also be linked to the “flatness” of the abode.

What are lemon laws and why are they called so?

Lemon laws are American state laws that provide a remedy for purchasers of cars as compensation for vehicles that repeatedly fail to meet standards of quality and performance. These cars are called lemons. The federal lemon law protects citizens of all states. State lemon laws vary from state to state and need not necessarily cover used or leased cars. The rights afforded to consumers by lemon laws may exceed the warranties expressed in purchase contracts.

Why do men’s shirts have buttons on the left side while women’s shirts have them on the right?

The rationale dates back to over a century: men’s buttons are on the left because men have always tended to dresK rhemseives and most men (and women, for that matter) are right handed. Women’s buttons are on the right side because years ago they re lied on their maids to help them get dressed. They would be right-hand ed and so when dressing someone else up would prefer to have the but tons on their right side (the left side of the garment).

What is an artificial coral?

Corals are porous marine animals that live at the bottom of the ocean. Coral attaches to a strong foundation and then grows to create a coral reef. Coral are naturally vibrant and colourful An artificial coral reef is a human made underwater structure, typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life. Artificial reefs also improve hydrodynamics and help control beach erosion. Making artificial coral also adds colour to an aquarium.

Who is a ghetto parent?

A bad parent is a ghetto parent — someone who does not care for, abuses and hits, and fails to give a good education and upbringing to his or her child. Basically, it is a style of parenting in which the parent has the mindset of those living in a ghetto. But there are many who shrink from using the term ‘ghetto’ as it has racist and class connotations. Actually, a rich and educated person can also be a ghetto parent.

What is the gene revolution?

The gene revolution is the application of bio-technology in food production. It is of great potential to farmers as it provides them with disease-free planting material and develops crops that resist pests and diseases, reducing use of chemicals that harm the environment and human health. It can provide diagnostic tools and vaccines that help control devastating animal diseases. It can also improve the nutritional quality of staple foods such as rice and create new products for health and industrial uses.

What is a cogwheel train?

A cogwheel train is a train fitted with one or more cogwheels, which mesh with the toothed rail-rack, running usually between the normal rails. The system, operating on rack and pinion arrangement, is used in regions where trains operate on steep heights within a short span of time. Most cogwheel railways are mountain railways, although a few are transit railways 6r tramways, built to overcome a steep gradient in an urban environment. The first cog railway was Middleton Railway, UK. Now it is a major tourist attraction of Jungfraujoch, Switzerland.

What is green accounting?

The term ‘green accounting’ hasn’t yet been fully defined. Most agree, however, that in order for a business to be able to reduce its carbon footprint, it must first be able to measure it. Then, once the size of the carbon footprint is known, a business must be able to report the data to regulators, taxation officials, carbon credit trading organizations and other relevant parties. Energy-reliant manufacturers and power-generating utilities feel the most pressure to embrace green accounting, but companies in nearly all business sectors can expect to do so at some level within the next few years.

What is a kangaroo court?

A kangaroo court describes sham judicial proceedings which are conducted without giving the rights of defence to the accused by invoking the expediency clause. In this process, prosecution cases are taken up without witnesses and cross-examination. As the trial proceeds by leaps like a kangaroo, it is known as kangaroo court. It may also mean punishing players in sports with fines for coming late and other minor mistakes. Fines collected are given to charity.

Why is the Forbidden City called so?

The Forbidden City, also known as Palace Museum, is a walled section of Beijing located right at its centre, enclosing the Imperial Palace, formerly the residence of the emperor of China. The ‘Forbidden City’ is the English equivalent of the Chinese name ‘Zijin Cheng’ — Jin meaning forbidden, with reference to the fact that no one could enter or leave the walled city or Cheng, without the emperor’s permission. Built in the early 15th century with over 1,000 buildings and a large collection of ancient wood structures, it is now a major tourist at- traction and has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.

What is a chop shop?

It is slang for an illegal business or unit where stolen cars or other goods are disassembled and then sold. The other meaning stands for businesses whose products, services or equipment are of questionable quality. The term gained currency when US Senator Charles Schumer used it for Infosys and other IT companies, in context of the US losing jobs. Chop shop can also mean a brokerage that sells fraud non-existent equities. It is used colloquially for shops run by butchers or barbers.

Where is ‘magnetic’ hill in India?

India’s magnetic hill is located close to Leh and is alleged to have magnetic properties strong enough to pull cars uphill. Locals and Indo-Tibetan Border Police personnel claim that aircraft passing through the area have to fly at a greater speed to avoid the pull the hill has on the aircraft in order to avoid its radius which could cause the aircraft to jerk. Vehicles allegedly move uphill even with the engines off. There are similar magnetic hills in Mocton in Canada and New Brunswick in the USA.

What is a digital pet?

A digital or virtual pet is an artificial human companion that exists only in hardware. Interaction with the pet may or may not be goal-oriented. If interaction with virtual pets is goal-oriented then the user must keep it alive and even help it to grow by ‘feeding’, grooming and playing with it. If the interaction is not goal-oriented, the user can focus solely on building a relationship with it. There are digital pet cemeteries where, after the use of the pet, the owner can lay it to rest.

How did the *$’ symbol originate?

The origin of the dollar symbol ($) actually comes from the handwritten ‘ps’, an abbreviation for ‘peso’ in old Spanish-American books. The word ‘dollar’ has been derived from the Flemish or Low German word daler (in German taler or thaler), short for Joachimstaler, referring to a coin from the silver mines of Joachimstal in Bohemia. It was adopted as the name of the US currency unit in the late 18th century Some believe it is US, with the S written over U with a flourish.

Why don’t we sneeze while we are sleeping?

Sneezing is a normal physiological phenomenon caused by irritation in the nasal membrane. This may be due to an infection, allergy to pollens, dust or smoke. While sleeping, we do not sneeze because the reticular process — a part of brain that controls sleep, does not allow many stimuli, including that of a sneeze, to come into the central nervous system.

What is pina?

Pina in Spanish means pineapple, the fruit. A cocktail called pina colada, made with pineapple, rum, and coconut milk, is a common drink in Cuba and Puerto Rico. In the Philippines, the fibre extracted from the leaves of the pineapple plant is used for making textile fabric called pina. Pina fabric is known for its lustrous white colour, lightness, stiffness, and transparency. It is used for making table linen, bags and mats.

What is future mail?

Future mail is a facility through which a person can send a letter — even to oneself — in the future. The sender can choose the time and date of delivery and the letter will reach the address at that particular time. Beside letters, future emails can also be sent sometimes as reminders to oneself. While email is all about speed and in stant messaging, this facility can be timed. Many find this the best way to capture feelings and freeze them. Future mail business is especially picking up in China where service agencies deliver letters, flowers and gifts in the future.

What is the Bridge of Sighs?

The Bridge of Sighs, in Venice, Italy, houses two overlapping corridors and was built at the beginning of the 17th century. It served as a link between the Old Prisons and the New Prisons in the Doge’s Palace situated beyond the Palazzo river. The name ‘Bridge of Sighs’ is an invention of Romantic literature: Legend has it that from this bridge one could hear the sighs of the condemned as they were led to prison.

What is the origin of the copyright symbol?

The copyright symbol originated in the US copyright law, according to which a work was required to have a proper copyright notice. Without this notice, the work would not be protected by copyright. The copyright symbol is C in a circle or), and its original meaning is to indicate that copyright has been obtained for the work on which it is displayed.

What is a cosmic microwave?

Just after the birth of the universe, the atmosphere was extremely dense and glowing white hot. Through the ages, the universe has been cooling — a process that is still going on. Light waves from a very distant part of the early universe reached the earth, making it possible to see the glow. However, since the universe is still expanding, the frequency of the waves of visible light changes to microwave frequency This occurs due to the relative motion of either the source or receiver of the waves or both, with respect to each other. These waves, originating in the early stage of the cosmos, are cosmic microwaves.

What is Fat Tuesday?

Fat Tuesday (also known as Mardi Gras and Shrove Tuesday among other names) is the name given to the last day of epiphany or the day before Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of Lent? The word Fat (Gras in French) referred to the ritual of eating sugary fat-filled foods before Lent, when rich foods are given up. In some customs, it refers to the entire season of epiphany where practices like wearing masks and costumes, dancing, sports competitions, parades, etc were held before the fasting and religious obligations of Lent. Fat Tuesday is also Mardi Gras, the festival in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Who invented soap bubbles?

The history of soap bubbles is as old as that of soap. But bubbles are no longer simply soap and water. Invented by Taiwanese bubble solution expert Jackie Lin, the top-secret solution contains a polymer that allows bubbles to resist evaporation. The polymer reacts with air to harden three to four seconds after a bubble is blown. With little or no disturbance, the bubbles can last as long as 10 days and can be caught with dry hands without popping.

What is latte art?

It is art in a coffee cup — the pattern is formed when milk and shots of espresso are poured into a cup of coffee. It could get a designer touch, depending on the expertise of the person serving it. This art could take the form of a creamy-looking heart, a flower, leaves, even cartoon faces, anything which can fit into the cup. All the artist needs is the espresso machine and a deft hand. Latte art takes its name from the Italian caffelatte, meaning coffee-milk.

Why is a theatre screen called silver screen?

Since the advent of films in the early 1900s, theatres have been trying to optimize their viewing quality During the 1920s, movie producers began to incorporate silver because of its reflective qualities, which delivered a better image. Eventually the use of silver lenticular screens would fall out of fashion as alternatives became available. But because of the early prevalence of silver in the production of screens, the term “silver screen” stuck.

Why are the Nazca drawings one of the great mysteries of archaeology?

In the hot deserts of southwest Peru are some immense, mysterious drawings called geoglyphs. Huge geometric patterns, spirals and figures of animals, and thousands of straight lines are immaculately drawn on the desert surface. Known as the Nazca Lines, after the Nazca Indians who lived there in ancient times, the drawings have mystified scientists ever since they were discovered in the 1920s. From the ground level, the drawings seem like a confused mass of lines. Only when viewed from the air, they convey a definite pattern. Scientists feel they could represent an astronomical calendar, or were part of a religious ritual.

Which plant has the biggest seed in the plant kingdom?

The nut of the coco de mer, also called giant fan palm, double coconut, Seychelles nut, or Maldive coconut, is considered to be the biggest nut in the entire plant kingdom. It is the size of a coconuty and weighs around 27 kg. The alm is found only in the islands of Praslin and Curieuse of Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, and its botanical name is Lodoicea Maldivica. It is a rare species. The nuts were well-known as they were always floating in the sea around Seychelles, but their source was discovered only in 1768.

What is cruel accounting?

There are two methods of maintaining accounts of a business enterprise, namely cash method and accrual method. In cash method, revenues/expenses are taken into account only when hard cash has been received/paid. In accrual method of accounting, revenues are recognized the moment goods or services are pr(|Mg

vided. Both revenue and expenses are

recorded, regardless of income or out go in terms of cash. The accrual method provides better matching of income and expenditure than cash method, but is complicated, errorprone and costly No wonder people call it cruel accounting.

What is a scale model?

A scale model is a representation or copy of an object that is larger or smaller in size. Its size is proportionate to the original size of the object that it represents. The proportion is often shown in some ratio eg 1:10, which means one inch of scale model is equivalent to 10 inches of original object. Very often, the scale model is smaller than the original and is used to represent an original object, an imagination or model for an upcoming project. Scale models are built for many cars, buildings, landscapes and huge projects.

What is cybertecture?

It is architecture in another form, the creation of living and working spaces which are a harmonious blend of technology, multimedia, intelligent systems and user interactivity. These spaces can be customized and the residents can claim to be the world’s most connected community. Cybertecture even allows a person to select preferred background music. One such cyberstructure is coming up on an area of 32,000 square metres in Mumbai called the Cybertecture Egg. It will have 13 floors of offices, and include a feature to monitor occupants’ health, besides virtual scenery which can be changed.

What was Indian mythological figure Rishyashringa or Shringirishi famous for?

Shringirishi, son of rishi Vibhandak and descendant of Lord Brahma, was a noble rishi. He was famous for performing Puttreshthi and Parjanya yagna. He performed Parjanya yagna to the rain god to help King Rompad overcome famine in his kingdom, Ang Desh (Bihar). On an invitation from rishi Vashishtha, he performed the uttreshthi yagna for King Dasharath, and four sons — Rama, Laxman, Bharat, and Shatrughna — were born to him. It is believed Rishyashringa led the way for the Mahanadi river from Sihoba, Chhattisgarh and em- phasized water management. There are 64 temples and ashrams dedicated to him.

How did the term French leave originate?

French leave primarily means taking leave without permission from work. Some believe it is meant to convey the act of leisurely desertion from a military unit. Being away on leave from one’s post or duties has its roots in the 17th century and does not so much have its origins in cowardice but in a French custom of leaving a party without saying goodbye or thanking the hosts. The term is still in use in the Indian Navy for sailors who overstay on land.

What is crowdfunding?

The crowdfunding approach has its precedent in charity. It is inspired by crowd sourcing, that describes the collective cooperation, attention and trust by people who network and pool their money together, usually via the internet, to support efforts by other people. Crowdfunding occurs for purposes like disaster relief, artistes seeking support from fans and political campaigns. Crowdfunding is now receiving attention from both commercial and social entrepreneurs, as social media, online communities and micropayment technology make it straightforward to secure donations from potentially interested supporters at very low cost.

What is guerrilla advertising?

Guerrilla advertising encompasses all forms of non traditional methods of communication. They can be open and honest like environmentally friendly high-impact street advertising or subversive like supermar kets pumping up the smell of fresh bread at the entrance. Guerrilla advertising is exposure that is unconventional and unexpected. It can be anything from street teams in costume to abnormal promotional exhibits to provocative street poster campaigns. Basically, guerilla advertising can be anything that is not used on a mass scale already.

What is the Sidewalk Catwalk?

The Sidewalk Catwalk is an unorthodox fashion show on display from June 24 to September 3. The show has a collection of 33 mannequins; each dressed by a designer and is staged on the streets of the Garment District in New York.

Who is the Omega man?

The Omega man is an ordinary, nextdoor, happy-go-lucky chap, who may or may not have a regular job, prefers to stay with his parents, and likes to stay single. He has no qualms about cooking his meals and doing his laundry The Omega man is the antithesis of the Alpha male. He does not set any goals for himself and stays out of the rat race. Yet, he does not consider this trait less masculine. This new-age man is finding voice in today’s movies.

What are cookies in computer language?

A cookie is a text string that is included with Hypertext Transfer Protocol requests and responses. Cookies are used to maintain information as you navigate different pages on a website or return to the website at a later time. Cookies cannot be used to run code (programmes) or deliver viruses to your computer. One of their primary purposes is to provide a convenience feature that you can use to save time — it tells the web server that you have returned to the page. If you personalize web pages or register for products and services, a cookie helps the page server recall your specific information, like billing address, shipping address.

Why do tornadoes usually spin anti-clockwise in the northern hemisphere, and clockwise in the southern hemisphere?

The spin in the two hemispheres is explained by the coriolis effect, which states that the earth, when viewed from the poles, rotates anti-clockwise in the northern, and clockwise in the southern hemisphere. Hence, thunderstorms (which usually travel from the equator to the poles) tend to veer to their left in the northern and right in the southern hemisphere. Tornadoes which occur in a particular area tend to inherit their spin from the direction of the prevailing winds, but this phenomenon is evident in only in large tornadoes.

What is albedo?

Albedo is a term used in reflectivity It is derived from Latin and means ‘whiteness’. The albedo of an object is a measure of how strongly it reflects light from sources like the sun. It is given as a number from 0 (dark) to 1 (bright). It is the ratio of total reflected to incident electromagnetic radiation, and is an important expression used in climatology, astronomy, computer graphics and computer vision.

Is smoking hookah better than smoking cigarettes?

It is a myth that smoking a hookah is safer than smoking cigarettes because hookah smoke is filtered through water before it is inhaled. Recent studies have found that hookah smokers actually inhale more nicotine than cigarette smokers because of the massive volume of smoke they inhale. A recent World Health Organization advisory laid that a typical one-hour hookah session exposes the user to 100-200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette. Even after passing through water, the smoke produced contains high levels of toxic corn pounds, including carbon monoxide heavy metals and carcinogens.

What is the Albertopolis?

Albertopolis is the nickname for the area around South Kensington in London, between Cromwell Road and Kensington Gore, which contains a large number of educational and cultural sites, including Imperial College, London, Natural History Museum, Royal Albert Hall, Royal College of Art, Royal College of Music, Royal Geographical Society, Science Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum, Albert Memorial.

What is neurolaw?

Neurolaw is a new discipline that studies the effect of neuroscientific evidence on law and legal cases. It also sets standards as to how neuroscience should be used in relation to the legal system. It is believed that neurolaw could play a more decisive role in cases involving rape and murder, where detection of the truth becomes im- perative. Proponents of neurolaw say neuroscience could have a huge impact on guilt, quantum of punishment, and detection of lies and biases.

What is a hermit crab?

The hermit crab is a type of crab that doesn’t have a very hard shell. Since its shell is not strong enough, it uses old shells of other animals for protection, especially that of old whelk. This habit of living in a second-hand shell gives rise to the popular name ‘hermit’ crab. Most hermit crab species live on the ocean floor, though there are many that live on land. Female terrestrial hermit crabs must return to the sea to breed. Hermit crabs are invertebrates, omnivores, and scavengers.

What is a banana problem?

The term comes from the story of the little girl who said, “I know how to spell ‘banana’, I just don’t know when to stop”. The banana problem basically means not knowing where or when to stop. It is usually used in computer programming when an algorithm with improper termination commands leads to repetition. It also applies to a web design, which is subjected to feature creep or the rapid expansion of features which complicate the simple design.

What is Operation Smile?

Based in Norfolk, Virginia (USA), Operation Smile is a non-profit medical charity NGO with branches in more than 50 countries, including India, providing remedial surgeries to children with cleft lips and cleft palates. Established in 1982 by Dr William Magee and Kathleen S Magee, Operation Smile organizes international volunteer missions, coordinates training for physicians and helps host countries in treating these medical complications. Operation Smile* has provided free cure to nearly 1,50,000 children and young adults across the world.

Who invented the kite and when?

No one knows exactly how or who invented the first kite. It is thought that the earliest use of kite s was among the Chinese, approximately 2,800 years ago. The kite was said to be the invention of the famous 5th century BC Chinese philosophers Mozi and Lu Ban. By 549 AD, paper kites were being flown — in that year a paper kite was used as a message for a rescue mission. Ancient and mediaeval Chinese sources list other uses of kite for measuring distances, testing the wind, lifting men, signalling, and military communication.

What is the White Revolution?

In India, Gujarat and Rajasthan has excess production as compared to local consumption of milk. In 1970, the National Dairy Development Board initiated activities like building veterinary centres, milk chilling centres, processing plants and strengthened the milk cooperative movement based on Anand Milk Union Limited (AMUL). This was done through Operation Flood, with aid from the Food and Agriculture Organisation in the form of butter oil and milk powder. This ushered in the White Revolution in India, making it the world’s largest milk producing country.

What is a nap pod?

A nap pod is a sleep chair designed like a cocoon to allow office-goers a power nap. Companies are opting for nap pods as part of their furniture, as a cat nap is being increasingly believed to refresh a person and increase productivity. The chairs are designed ergonomically to improve blood supply to the back and head; the cocoon-like structure keeps out office noise. There is also an alarm to wake up the sleeper.

What are transparent soaps made of?

Transparent soaps are made of glycerin, and are partly soap and partly solvent. Sodium hydroxide causes crystals to form in soap, which is why the soap becomes opaque. In order to make it transparent, the soap has to be dissolved in enough solvent to make the crystals so small that light passes freely through, making the soap look transparent. There is no magic number when it comes to the quantity of solvent required. A good way to find the right quantity of solvents is to start by calculating a 60:40 soap-solvent ratio and then changing it to a 50:50 soap-solvent ratio.

How does a computer or laptop keep track of time even when it is switched off?

A desktop PC has a lithium cell or battery (the same is used in digital diaries) called a BIOS cell inside the CPU, and attached to the motherboard, which keeps track of time even after the computer is powered down, whereas in laptops, the battery of the laptop itself is used to keep track of time. This battery also saves the settings required during a boot operation.

What is carnival glass?

Carnival glass is pressed glass, meaning that hot molten glass which may or may not contain colour of its own is poured into metal moulds and conforms to their shape. While the glass is still hot, various solutions of metallic salts are sprayed onto the surface and the piece is reheated. The result is a piece of iridescent glassware with a rainbow-hued finish. Many pieces of carnival glass feature a distinctive marigold colour with random swirls of other colours strewn throughout the glass. Carnival glass originated as a glass called Iridill, produced in 1908 by the Fenton Art Glass Company. Iridill was inspired by the fine blown art glass of makers like Tiffany and Steuben, but Fenton sold it cheap. They were used as carnival prizes and thus the name.

What is the origin of the term chutzpah?

The word chutzpah entered the English language in the late 19th century It is supposed to have been derived from khutspe, belonging to the Yiddish language Khuptse means impudence or gall. Khuptse itself was derived from the Hebrew word hutspah. Today, chutzpah means supreme self-confidence, courage bordering on arrogance, audacity or nerve. The words chutzpa, hutzpah and hutzpa are its variants.

What is Germany’s official name?or gall

Because of Germany’s geographic position in the centre of Europe and its long history as a disunited region of distinct tribes and states, it has many varying names in different languages, perhaps more than for any other European nation. For example, in German, the country is known as Deutschland, in French as Allemagne, and in Polish as Niemcy However, the official name of Germany is Bundesrepublik Deutschland. It is also known as the Federal Republic of Germany.

What is a halfalogue?

It is half a dialogue. For a person lis- tening in on a phone conversation, only half is audible. This audible half is termed halfalogue. Those who listen in — or are forced to simply because they happen to be in the vicinity — on such conversations generally find a halfalogue irritating. But a one-sided conversation usually piques a person’s interest into overhearing what is being said.

Who is a soul surfer?

The first published mention of soul surfer was in 1963, in an instrumen-tal ‘Soul Surfer’ by Southern Californian surf guitarist Johnny For-tune. It was intended to harness the popularity of the ‘soul’ movement in music, m 1969, theologian Tom Blake’s ‘Voice of the Wave’ examined the re-

ligious elements of surfing. The Soul Surfer expresses himself through his unity with the breaking wave, using his body to translate the essence of the wave’s spirit into art with no care for fame.

What is a bonobo?

The bonobo (pan paniscus) is a great ape most closely related to the chimpanzee. It is the least known of the great apes because it lives in a remote rain-forest region of central Africa, and was identified as a species only in 1933. Because of the similar morphological traits (physical appearance) between bonobos and humans, some anthropologists consider the bonobo to be the best living prototype for the common ancestor of humans.

What is the ‘Thor’s Hammer’?

Mjollnir is the hammer of Thor, a major god associated with thunder in Norse mythology. Distinctively shaped, Mjollnir is depicted as one of the most fearsome weapons, capable of levelling mountains. Thor is associated with strength and the protection of mankind. Ultimately stemming from Proto-Indo-European religion, Thor is a prominently mentioned god throughout the recorded history of the Germanic peoples.

How did the handshake originate?

The origin of the handshake is difficult to specifically determine. Herbert Spencer in his book “The Principles of Sociology”* mentions that two Arabs met in a desert, accepting that they wouldn’t kiss each other’s hand and only clasp it, as kissing was consid ered an insult. A more practical ori gin comes from mediaeval Europe, where kings and knights would extend and grasp each other’s hand as a demonstration that they did not pos sess concealed weapons and intended no harm to each other.

From which language is the term ‘gymnastics’ derived?

The term ‘gymnastics’ is derived from the Greek word ‘gymnos’, meaning to exercise naked, a rule that applied in ancient Greece to all exercises practised in the gymnasium by male athletes. It was done so as to increase an appreciation of the male body and as a tribute to the gods. Of the modern events currently considered to be gymnastics, only tumbling and a primitive form of vaulting were known then.

What is email apnea?

Email apnea is the stress caused by the inability to process emails and connect even as mails flood the inbox. It is marked by a suspension of breathing, shallow breathing or hyperventilating while checking mail. Researcher Linda Stone coined this term after realizing that many people go through this process every morning, the mind whirling from mail to mail, filing, forwarding etc. She also found the effect of this kind of apnea on general health to be negative in the long term.

Sanjay Singh, Bhopal

What is time dilation?

In the theory of special relativity the slowing down of a clock as determined by an observer who is in relative motion with respect to that clock, is called time dilation. In this phenomenon, a person finds a clock (or other time device) similar or identical to their own, ticking at a slower pace, making the observer believe that time has “slowed down” for the other clock but in reality, tune passes at a constant rate. For example, as a spacecraft approaches, to an observer on earth, if he watches the clock on a spacecraft, it will seem that the clock is ticking slower than their own, as a result of relative motion.

What is marketing myopia?

The term was first used by Theodore Levitt, an economist and editor of Harvard Business Review, who is also famous for the term ‘globalization’. Management gurus define marketing myopia as a company’s short-sighted, ternporary or narrow-minded approach while marketing their product. Companies need to adapt themselves to the changing market. When a firm changes its marketing focus from customer to its product or the company itself, it is also called myopia. A classic example is Hindustan Motors, which failed to change with the economy

How is market size calculated?

Market size refers to the total revenue generated through the sales of a par- ticular good or commodity The most basic methodology is to multiply customer base with its wallet share for a typical customer. For instance, to calculate market size of toothpaste in India, we need to find the product of the number of toothpaste buyers across India with the price of toothpaste. A more accurate estimate can be found by segmenting the customer base as per income or geography, as they dictate the money spent on a particular commodity

What is the anti-sense gene?

The term anti-sense comes from the fact that messenger RNA is synthesized from one of the two strands of the DNA double helix — that strand is called the template, or sense strand. The complementary strand of DNA is called the anti-sense strand. The two DNA strands— sense and anti sense -—are complementary toeach other and form a double helix. The two RNA strands produced from these DNA strands are also complementary When bound into a double helix, the RNA strands cannot function to produce proteins.

How is the date of Buddha’s birthday celebration determined?

Traditionally Buddha’s birthday is known as Vesak or Visakah Puje Vesak is the major Buddhist festivel of the year as it celebrates the birth enlightenment and death of the Bud dha on the one day, the first full moon day of the sixth month of the Bud

dhist lunar calendar, or the fourth month of the Chinese calendar or in May, (except in a leap year when the festival is held in June). This celebration is called Vesak, the name of the month in the Indian calendar.

What is sunlighting?

A take-off from moonlighting — which means taking up a second job in the evening — sunlighting means taking time off from one’s day job to fit in other work and be paid for it. Sunlighting has a slightly adverse meaning: a person takes up a second job, and it begins interfering with the first job. Sometimes, moonlighting stretches into the day, and turns into sunlighting.

What is sweat equity?

The phrase ‘sweat equity’ refers to equity shares given to the company’s employees on favourable terms, in recognition of their work. With sweat equity, employees become part owners and participate in the profits, apart from earning salaries. The Companies Act defines ‘sweat equity shares’ as shares issued to employees or directors at a discount, for providing knowhow or making available intellectual property rights or value additions.

What is a super galaxy?

A galaxy is a group of large number of stars in the sky which have generally the same origin of evolution, such as our Milky Way. A galaxy may contain billions of stars. A cluster of galaxies, which may have up to 10 or even more galaxies is called a local group. Clusters of galaxies are known as a super galaxy, or a super cluster. This may have up to 50 or even 1,000 galaxies. The Milky Way is a member of the Virgo super cluster.

Who is dubbed patient zero?

Patient zero is the first patient who indicates the outbreak of a disease, and may help indicate its source and possible spread. The term was used by Dr William Darrow to refer to the spread of HIV in North America, which showed how ‘patient zero’ had infected multiple partners with HIV, and how the virus had spread across the world. Journalist Randy Shilts wrote about patient zero, Gaetan Dugas, a promiscuous flight attendant, based on Darrow’s findings.

What is a Jovian planet?

Jovian planets, also known as gas giants, is a collective term for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The term Jovian came from planet Jupiter, which describes the other gas giants in our solar system which are like Jupiter. These planets are surrounded by a number of moons and rings and their rotation is faster than terrestrial planets. Jovian planets have a dense core surrounded by a huge layer of gas which is made up of hydrogen and helium.

What is a baker’s, dozen and how did the phrase originate?

Baker’s dozen means 13, instead of 12. The tale behind its origin is that a mediaeval law specified the weight of bread loaves, and any baker who supplied less to a customer was in for dire punishment. So bakers would include a thirteenth loaf with each dozen just to be safe. It is said that during good harvests, bakers sold one excess loaf to middlemen. A baker’s dozen takes on importance in large families, where that little extra goes a long way

What is a vaudeville show?

Vaudeville was a theatrical genre of entertainment in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s to early 1930s. Each performance was a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together. They included popular and classical musicians, dancers, comedians, magicians, female and male impersonators, acrobats, even scenes from plays and movies. Called “the heart of American show business”, vaudeville was very popular.

Who is a downager?

A downager is a person who acts younger than his or her age. There is a growing trend among women aged over 60 to live it up, hence the term dowager has been reinvented as downager. A study of independent, socially active Australian women found them working, studying, starting businesses and changing careers at the age of 60 and above. Downager reflects the “act younger, live younger” attitude of women who were earlier thought of as grandmotherly, retired individuals.

How does calcium carbide ripen mangoes?

For reasons of safe transportation of fruits, mangoes, bananas etc are picked before they ripen fully Slightly green harvested mangoes are subjected to small containers of calcium carbide (CaC2) with a plastic covering. CaC2 reacts with the moisture in the air to release acetylene (or ethyne) gas, which like ethyleneis — a chemical substance produced by fruits to accelerate the normal process of fruit maturation — is a ripening hormone. Industrial-grade calcium carbide contains arsenic and phosphorus, and its use for the purpose of ripening is illegal in many countries.

What is wet wing in aeronautical terms?

A wet wing is an aerospace engineering technique where an aircraft’s wing structure is sealed and used as a fuel tank. By eliminating the need for fuel bladders, aircraft can weigh less and offer improved performance. Wet wings are common among civilian designs, from airliners to small general aviation aircraft. Because tanks are an integral part of the structure, they cannot be removed, and require access panels for routine maintenance and visual inspections.

Who, or what, is Attaboy?

Attaboy is an alteration of ‘That’s the boy!’ It Is used to cheer somebody on and to express enthusiastic encouragement or approval to a man or boy. It is an act of congratulating somebody on an achievement. Example: he received several attaboys from the top management after the presentation.

What is gas flaring and why is it done?

In chemical factories, oil refineries, oil wells, rigs and landfills, gaseous waste products and sometimes even non-waste gases produced are routed to an elevated vertical chimney called a gas flare and burnt off at its tip. This is called gas flaring. Waste gases are subjected to such a process either because the gases are waste or it is difficult to store and transport them. Non-waste gases are burnt off to protect the processing equipment when unexpected high pressure develops within them. Gas flaring in oil rigs and wells contribute significantly to greenhouse gases in our atmosphere.

What is Bafana Bafana and how does it get its name?

The word ‘Bafana’ is a Zulu word, plural for ‘umfaan’, meaning boy. There is also a movie about Mandela in jail called “Goodbye Bafana”. Bafana Bafana is the national football team of South Africa and is controlled by the South African Football Association, which will be hosting the 19th FIFA World Cup in June 2010. Bafana Bafana, meaning Boys Boys, was coined by three Sowetan sports reporters in 1992, shortly after the readmission of South Africa to world football. South African football team members wear blazers with a springbok on the left breast pocket and are also referred to as Springboks.

What is an aggressocracy?

Aggressocracy is a society in which the most aggressive members rise to the top. The Greek lexicon describes it as a social sphere or group consisting of or dominated by predatory or conquest-oriented individuals. Aggressocratic hierarchies were once structured by penis length, but that was later changed.

Who won the first Paime d’Or at Cannes?

The Palme d’Or (Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded to the director of the best feature film at the annual Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the organizing committee, and the first was awarded to director Delbert Martin Mann Jr for his film “Marty”. The Palme d’Or was established as the film festival’s highest award until 1964, when it temporarily resumed awarding Grand Prix due to copyright problems with the Palm. In 1975, the Paime d’Or was reintroduced and became the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival.

What is biomagnification?

Some compounds are neither recycled by decomposers nor are they released into the atmosphere. Instead, they remain in the ecosystem in virtually unchanged form as they are passed from one organism to another by predation. For example, if a large fish consumes five small ones every day for several years, some of the compounds in their flesh is transferred to the larger fish. Over time, the larger fish accumulates these compounds. An example is the pesticide DDT — its toxic effects may not be apparent in the little fish but accumulation in the larger fish allows the effects to be magnified. Hence, the term biomagnification.

What is apogee?

Apogee is the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbited. With reference to earth, it is the point in the orbit of a heavenly body, especially the moon, or a man-made satellite, which is farthest or most distant from the centre of the earth. It is also the farthest or highest point — the apex or climax. Perigee is the opposite of apogee and is the point in the orbit which is nearest to the earth.

What is the difference between rights and bonus issue?

Bonus issues are shares issued free of charge to shareholders. When a company accumulates a large fund from profits, much beyond its needs, the directors may decide to distribute a part of it among the shareholders in the form of bonus. Once a bonus is issued, the price of the shares is likely to drop as the value of the company’s assets is now spread over larger number of shares. Right shares are issued to existing shareholders who have the privilege to buy a specified number of new shares from the firm at a specified price within a specified time. A company can opt for a rights issue to raise capital under secondary market offering.

What is the Yellow Revolution?

The growth, development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technologies nearly doubled oilseeds production from 12.6 mt in 1987-88 to 24.4 mt in 1996-97, catalyzed by the Technology Mission on Oilseeds, brought about the Yellow Revolution.The term also stands for the People Power Revolution in Phillipines in 1986 against then President Ferdinand Marcos. It was a series non-violent protests where demonstrators used yellow ribbons during the arrival of Ninoy Aquino.

What is rumourtrage?

Rumourtrage is the practice of spreading false news about a company, leading to a drop in its stock price, and followed by increased trade in its shares. This is usually done before a takeover bid. Rumourtrage is common in the corporate world and authorities have found it tough to stamp out the practice as it hinges on hearsay. It is especially used by traders when the market is volatile.

Why do people sweat when theyare frightened?

Fight or flight are two universal responses to any stressful or life-threatening situation in every animal, including humans. In case of severe stress, the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated, which is meant for tackling such situations. It causes the release of adrenaline or epinephrine from the adrenal gland and nerve endings, this results in manifestations of symptoms of fright like sweating, increased heart rate, nervousness, pupil dilation, goose bumps, increased muscular and mental activity and blood supply to the brain and muscles.

What is the Kuiper Belt?

The Kuiper belt is a region of the solar system beyond the planets, extending from the orbit of Neptune. It is similar to the asteroid belt, although it is far larger — 20 times as wide and 200 times as massive. Like the asteroid belt, it consists mainly small bodies or remnants from the solar systern’s formation. The Kuiper belt objects are composed largely of frozen volatiles (termed ‘ices’), such as methane, ammonia and water. It is home to at least three dwarf planets — Pluto, Haumea and Makemake. Pluto, discovered in 1930, is considered its largest member.

Which was the first major language of Europe?

Most historians agree that Semitic was the mother of all European languages, including a few Asiatic languages. But Semitic had its birth in Asia (Syria and Palestine), so it cannot be called the first indigenous language in Europe. The first recorded indigenous language in Europe was an evolved form of ancient Phoenician, which later travelled north and west to the budding civilization in Greece where this language (crude with just around 22 characters) was developed by the addition of vowels. Thus, ancient Greek was the first major language of Europe.

Who invented the helmet and what is it made of?

The oldest known use of helmets was by Assyrian soldiers in 900 BC. They wore thick leather or bronze helmets to protect the head from blunt objects, sword blows and arrows in combat. Soldiers still wear helmets, now often made of lightweight plastic material, to protect the head from bullets and shell fragments. Today’s armed services use high-quality helmets made of ballistic materials such as Kevlar, which have excellent bullet and fragment stopping power.

What is a coco taxi?

Coco taxis are the Cuban equivalent of a rickshaw — a three-wheeled, fibre glass egg-shaped vehicle with two seats glued to a moped. They are called so because they are almost like spherical giant coconuts. Their plastic and fibre glass body, which looks round from the back and sides, forms a protective canopy around the passengers. They tend to flock around busy tourist areas in Cuban cities. Coco taxis, powered by a 75cc two-stroke petrol engine are noisy and more affordable than a regular taxi.

What are time dollars?

Time dollars are the credit a person earns hourly in a Time Bank, set up to facilitate people in a community. A member of a Time Bank earns it by doing something for someone in the community, like baby-sitting or running an errand. After the time dollars are credited in the member’s account, he can spend it on whatever he needs. It is a sort of barter system which is serving to bond communities and has turned into a social change movement in 22 countries.

What is the origin of the term Bluetooth?

Bluetooth is the anglicized form of the Danish word Bletand — Ble meaning blue — the victory title given to the 10th century King Harald Gormsson. Harald was born in circa 935 and ruled as King of Denmark around 958 and as King of Norway around 970. Bluetooth technology was invented in 1994 by Swedish company Ericsson, which found it appropriate to name it after the Scandinavian king who had united several Danish tribes and parts of Norway into a single kingdom. The implication is that a Bluetooth does the work of uniting different communication protocols into one universal standard.

What is the Lady Macbeth Effect?

Lady Macbeth, a character from Shakespear’s play “Macbeth”, had plotted to kill the king and would repeatedly wash her imaginary bloodstained hands, hoping it would wash away her sins. The Lady Macbeth Effect describes a psychological condition in which people who have done something wrong feel a need to wash their hands or body in order to clear their conscience. They tend to think that physical cleanliness can be a substitute for moral purity.

What is a barcode?

A barcode is an optical machine-readable representation of data on certain products. It can be read by optical scanners called barcode readers or scanned from an image by special software. It is the small image of lines (bars) and spaces affixed to retail store items, identification cards and postal mail to identify a particular product number, person or location. The code uses this sequence to represent numbers and other symbols. A barcode symbol typically consists of five parts: a quiet zone, a start character, data characters (including an optional checkcharacter), a stop character, and another quiet zone. There is no standard barcode.

What is brand interest?

Establishing a brand in the market is the true art of marketing. It’s not the product being consumed, but rather the image one has of it. Building a brand is not simply giving a product a name, but also creating an experience. This means keeping in mind the contact people have with the brand. A brand is a name, but when it is powerful, it makes a person think of much more: this is brand interest.

What does breaking bread mean?

Breaking of bread refers to the rite of Holy Communion by Christians. In the Gospel of St Mathew, 26:26, it is mentioned: While they were at supper, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, gave it to his disciples and said: ‘Take this and eat it, this is my body’. In other places also in the Bible, wherever the breakingof bread is mentioned, it refers to the celebration of the Holy Communion by Christ himself, or by the early Christians.

About the Author

Dr. Ashok Kumar Sharma, Taxidermist, M.A.(History); Certificate in Taxidermy(Madras); Certifate in Library Science (TOPPER-ML Sukhadia Uni. Udaipur,(Rajasthan) INDIA. Hobby: Cricket; Postal Stamp Collection and Collection of Quotations since 1981.

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Naturalizer Women's Bohemia Pump

Naturalizer Women’s Bohemia Pump


Whether worn for work or weekends, Naturalizer’s Bohemia pump will add a playful touch to any outfit. Contrasting colors liven up this classic silhouette while a thickly padding insole helps keep you light on your feet, no matter the occasion….

Naturalizer Women's Bohemia Pumps

Naturalizer Women’s Bohemia Pumps

Naturalizer Women's Bohemia Pumps

Naturalizer Women’s Bohemia Pumps

Crocs Beach Clog

Monday, September 19th, 2011

Question about Crocs..?

I have always thought that Croc clogs were dumb and just a fad. Last week my grandmother emailed me asking wher I want for Christmas. Basketball season and I thought that a pair of black Crocs would be good for wearing to (before and after) games. I don’t want anything fancy I just want the plain clogs. I think I want the Caymans because I have heard their sizes are more accurate that the Beaches. Please share your opinions on the pros and cons of Crocs.

they are ok, I would not wear them

mark k

Small Green Sol Tote Bag - The Coolest Bag Under The Sun

Small Green Sol Tote Bag – The Coolest Bag Under The Sun


The award-winning Lubber Tote makes a great gift bag, shopping bag, college shower caddy, diaper bag, garden tote, bath tub toy holder, book bag, lunch tote, beach bag, etc. One of the most unique and useful features of Lubber Totes is their footprint base. Never again will you set your bag down, only to have it fall over. With Lubber Totes, your bag will always be standing at attention and ready …

Large Lubber Tote Bag - Blue

Large Lubber Tote Bag – Blue

The award-winning Lubber Tote makes a great gift bag, shopping bag, college shower caddy, diaper bag, garden tote, bath tub toy holder, book bag, lunch tote, beach bag, etc. One of the most unique and useful features of Lubber Totes is their footprint base. Never again will you set your bag down, only to have it fall over. With Lubber Totes, your bag will always be standing at attention and ready …

Large Lubber Tote Bag - Yellow

Large Lubber Tote Bag – Yellow

The award-winning Lubber Tote makes a great gift bag, shopping bag, college shower caddy, diaper bag, garden tote, bath tub toy holder, book bag, lunch tote, beach bag, etc. One of the most unique and useful features of Lubber Totes is their footprint base. Never again will you set your bag down, only to have it fall over. With Lubber Totes, your bag will always be standing at attention and ready …

Large Lubber Tote Bag - Purple

Large Lubber Tote Bag – Purple


The award-winning Lubber Tote makes a great gift bag, shopping bag, college shower caddy, diaper bag, garden tote, bath tub toy holder, book bag, lunch tote, beach bag, etc. One of the most unique and useful features of Lubber Totes is their footprint base. Never again will you set your bag down, only to have it fall over. With Lubber Totes, your bag will always be standing at attention and ready …

Large Lubber Tote Bag - Red

Large Lubber Tote Bag – Red


The award-winning Lubber Tote makes a great gift bag, shopping bag, college shower caddy, diaper bag, garden tote, bath tub toy holder, book bag, lunch tote, beach bag, etc. One of the most unique and useful features of Lubber Totes is their footprint base. Never again will you set your bag down, only to have it fall over. With Lubber Totes, your bag will always be standing at attention and ready …

Go Diego Go! Navy Blue Clogs Sandles Shoes

Go Diego Go! Navy Blue Clogs Sandles Shoes

These Go Diego Go! Clogs Shoes are perfect for your little adventurer who wants to soak up some fun in the sun!! They are navy blue with an image of Diego’s face on the top front with the title animal rescuer on the top and Diego on the bottom!!! The Clogs Shoes are like slip on shoes – only difference is that you can use these in the water, so the shoes touch the bottom of the pool or ocean and n…

crocs Beach Clog

crocs Beach Clog


Crocs Camp Clogs are ultra-light and don’t bite! Light, airy and cool for camp, around the home, the beach… they couldn’t be easier or more comfortable! True no-worries footwear, for men and women (and teens). Made with a special proprietary closed-cell resin that’s both comfortably soft and highly durable. Ventilated to keep feet cool and dry, with a heel strap that can sling over the heel or r…

crocs Women's Mercy Clog

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For steady steps on a variety of workplace surfaces, you’ll love the Crocs Work Women’s Mercy Clog. The lightweight Croslite footbed, lined with circulation nubs, softens with body heat to create a comfortable fit and help reduce pressure on your legs, feet and back. The slip-resistant Crocs Lock tread on the outsole provides excellent traction in wet or dry conditions, and the heel strap keeps yo…

crocs Men's Realtree Beach Clog

crocs Men’s Realtree Beach Clog


Did you possibly think you could love crocs even more than you already do? The Mammoth clog now features your favorite Realtree print that you can sport everyday. The molded footbed and moveable slingback strap offer premium comfort that’s perfect for sporting to any casual outing….

Crocs BEACH REALTREE Black/Black

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The CrocsTM Beach Realtree® is a great addition to any Realtree® fan’s wardrobe with a crosliteTM material sole for comfort and a great Realtree® APC camouflage print, you can’t go wrong with this CrocsTM clog. The Beach Real Tree clog is comfortable, cool a…

Women’s Alegria

Sunday, July 10th, 2011

Standout Alegria Shoes That Will Pamper Your Soles

Many women think they have to wear heels if they want to look nice. And, of course, heels are nice. Yes, they elongate your legs and make them look ultra feminine. Yes, they look great with a short dress. But here’s the real truth about heels – they hurt! Why continue to suffer with pained feet if you can find stylish shoes that are comfortable? Alegria shoes is a company that believes that your shoes can be both comfortable and good looking – the two don’t have to be mutually exclusive! There are plenty of great shoes out there that won’t leave you limping home after a long day or a long night out with the girls.

The Alegria Classic Women’s Shoe is a comfortable and stylish shoe that is part clog and part slip-on. With patent leather uppers and a mild rocker outsole, this shoe will help you get through a long day at the office. It’s a great shoe for doctors and nurses or even those who work in food service. When you work on your feet all day long, you’ve got to make sure that those feet are coddled! These shoes feature a removable patented interlocking foot bed system made of latex, memory foam and cork. They offer superior arch support and a leather lining that’s been hand sewn. Comfort and craftsmanship! These shoes come in a cute muted floral pattern, and would look great with jeans.

The Alegria Women’s Donna Professional shoe is a comfortable and stylish shoe that’s more clog than slip-on. This is a shoe created specifically for nurses, who have to be on their feet all day long, checking on patients, drawing blood and helping roll beds around. With a leather upper, these nursing clogs for women have lab rated, slip resistant outsoles and stain proof leather coating. In short, they can take anything! Whether you spill a patient’s water on them or have to run down the hallway, they’re sure to hold on up you – and look good while doing so! These shoes feature a removable patented interlocking foot bed system made of latex, memory foam and cork. They offer superior arch support and boast a leather lining that’s been hand sewn.  These shoes also come in pink, snakeskin, and a variety of other patterned options.

If you’re looking for something a bit more summery, consider the Alegria Women’s Verona shoe. This shoe is great for those who are on their feet all day, especially doctors and nurses – but unlike other clogs, they’re heat friendly! This is a black patent leather print women’s sandal with a chunky square stone pattern inspired by the beautiful sunset tones of the southwest. These shoes feature three adjustable straps with Velcro, to keep things nice and snug while you’re out and about. With a mild rocker outsole and removable patented interlocking footbed system with latex, memory foam and cork, you’ll find this shoe is every bit as comfortable as it is cute! Discover the benefits of superior arch support and you’ll find that a good shoe means the world when it comes to alleviating foot pain.

The Alegria Women’s Seville is a great fall option, thanks to its suede leather upper. This professional looking clog features a unique adjustable swivel strap for a more secure fit, as well as a mild rocker outsole. This is a slip-on clog in brown suede that features a cute floral design – it’s stylish without being outlandish, so it’s great to wear at the office. This shoe is also quite comfortable, thanks to a removable patented interlocking foot bed system with latex, memory foam and cork. You’ll also discover superior arch support, which makes a huge difference when you’re seeing patients all day in the hospital or in the office.

If you’re looking for a full out clog shoe, consider the Alegria Women’s Debra Professional. Unlike the other slip-on styles, this shoe has a full heel, designed to keep things in place when you’re running around. These black leather upper shoes are perfect for nursing, and offer lab rated slip resistant outsoles and stain-proof leather coating. With mild rocker outsoles and superior arch support, these shoes are extremely comfortable and practical for those in the medical field. They also feature a removable patented interlocking foot bed system with latex, memory foam and cork. These shoes aren’t just well liked – they’re nurse approved! They’ve been endorsed by nurses in medical centers around the country.

As you can see, there are lots of great stylish shoes out there that won’t make your feet cry when you get home each night. You don’t have to get rid of style just to get some comfort – Alegria shoes offer lots of options that are both stylish and comfortable. It is possible to look good at work!

Alegria true woman Female Names Mug (Black, Ceramic, 11oz.)

Alegria true woman Female Names Mug (Black, Ceramic, 11oz.)


This Alegria Mug has undergone extensive quality control before reaching you. We have over 10 years experience in selling products on the internet. The items are created by us and are even customizable! Just contact our great customer service for any questions….

Hot Women: Singers From The Torrid Regions Of The World

Hot Women: Singers From The Torrid Regions Of The World


The Vintage Book of Contemporary World Poetry

The Vintage Book of Contemporary World Poetry


This groundbreaking volume may well be the poetry anthology for the global village. As selected by J.D. McClatchy, this collection includes masterpieces from four continents and more than two dozen languages in translations by such distinguished poets as Elizabeth Bishop, W.S. Merwin, Ted Hughes, and Seamus Heaney. Among the countries and writers represented are: Bangladesh–Taslima NasrinChile–P…

Fugues (Bilingual Edition) (English and Spanish Edition)

Fugues (Bilingual Edition) (English and Spanish Edition)


poetry, El Salvador, tr Darwin Flakoll, bilingual …

Dolor y Alegria: Women and Social Change in Urban Mexico (Life Course Studies)

Dolor y Alegria: Women and Social Change in Urban Mexico (Life Course Studies)


In Dolor y Alegría (Sorrow and Joy), fifteen mothers, grandmothers, and great grandmothers in the Mexican city of Cuernavaca speak about the dramatic effects that urbanization and rapid social change have had on their lives. Sarah LeVine deftly combines these autobiographical vignettes with ethnographic material, survey findings, and her own observations. The result is a vivid picture of c…

Alegria Women's Seville Clogs

Alegria Women’s Seville Clogs

This cute leather Alegria Women’s Seville Clog, thanks to its swivel strap, can also double as a supportive slingback! Besides this innovative touch, there are also tons of great comfort features. The lightweight polyurethane outsole has a rocker bottom that propels your foot forward to encourage a fluid walking motion. The latex and cork footbed delivers firm cushioning and steady support, and it…

Women's Alegria, Donna Professional clog

Women’s Alegria, Donna Professional clog


Women’s Alegria, Donna Professional clog Lab rated slip resistant outsole and stain-proof leather coating roomy toe box provides ample room to move your toes leather-covered latex and memory foam footbed anatomically correct insole isremovable to accommodate custom orthotics lightweight biodegradable rocker sole with a flat heel that offers stability as it puts a spring in your step Fittip …

Alegria Women's Feliz Mary Jane Shoes

Alegria Women’s Feliz Mary Jane Shoes


Enjoy better posture with less foot fatigue, courtesy of Alegria Women’s Feliz Mary Jane Shoes Who knew comfort could be so cute? This Mary Jane not only looks and feels great, it also features an anatomically correct latex and cork footbed with arch support contoured to your foot’s natural shape to encourage better posture. The slim, flexible outsole is made with a mini rocker bottom for eas…

Alegria Women's Tuscany Clogs

Alegria Women’s Tuscany Clogs

With its removable latex / cork insole that molds to your foot, this Alegria Women’s Tuscany Clog delivers cute, cushioned comfort. The arch support is contoured to your foot’s natural shape and helps encourage improved posture, the the flexible polyurethane outsole has a mini rocker bottom that helps reduce fatigue. The burnished leather upper features a buckle closure so you can adjust your fit….

Cirque du Soleil women white clown red t-shirt

Cirque du Soleil women white clown red t-shirt

Women’s red T-shirt, with Cirque du Soleil characters printed on the front….

Women’s Naot

Sunday, June 5th, 2011

Comfort women’s shoes – Naot, Curvetures, Dansko?

I own a pair of Dansko’s that I love, but I have not tried Naot or Curvetures. How do these brands compare to Dansko? Which do you find most comfortable? Thanks!

I would actually go for a pair of merrels. They are extremely comfortable and have many defferent styles. whether you want a sandal, tennis shoe, dress shoe, or some cute flip flops they have them all. And they are all pretty cute. If I were you I wouldn’t go for the Naot- not the best choice, but I guess the Curvetures are a better choice, if you had to go between the two. But in my opinion merrels are far superior!

Naot Pleasure - Red Pepper

Naot Pleasure – Red Pepper

The Pleasure mary jane offers the comfort and style a woman needs. A fashionable bow and sleek heel make this shoe a winner!…

Naot Footwear - Sea (Red Pepper/Terra Cotta) - Footwear

Naot Footwear – Sea (Red Pepper/Terra Cotta) – Footwear is proud to offer the Naot Footwear – Sea (Red Pepper/Terra Cotta) – Footwear: ‘Sea’ is from the Shell Collection, which leans toward a medium to wide width. ; This shoe will makes waves in the comfort line. ; Cute maryjane inspired casual with swirl design on upper. ; Hook and loop strap for a perfect fit. ; Super soft leather covered footbed is comfortable and absorbs perspiration. ; …

Naot Footwear FB08 - Allegro Replacement Footbed Insoles Foot Care

Naot Footwear FB08 – Allegro Replacement Footbed Insoles Foot Care

Refresh your feet and your insoles with the Allegro Replacement Footbed from Naot®. Replacement footbed is designed to be used in the Naot Allegro collection of shoes and sandals. Smooth leather upper helps draw moisture away from your feet to keep them healthy and dry. Deep heel indentation helps the body balance and protects the heel bone as you walk. Cushioned center conforms to the natural sh…

Naot Footwear FB01 - Scandinavian Replacement Footbed Insoles Foot Care

Naot Footwear FB01 – Scandinavian Replacement Footbed Insoles Foot Care

Keep your feet healthy and happy with the Scandinavian Replacement Footbed from Naot®. Replacement footbed is designed to be used in the Naot Scandinavian , Floral , Cosmopolitan , and Ambiance collection of shoes and sandals. Smooth leather upper helps draw moisture away from your feet to keep them healthy and dry. Deep heel indentation helps the body balance and protects the heel bone as you wa…

Naot Coast - French Roast

Naot Coast – French Roast

Fun & flirty, the Coast mary jane is the perfect shoe for any occasion….

Naot Coast - French Roast

Naot Coast – French Roast

Fun & flirty, the Coast mary jane is the perfect shoe for any occasion….

Women's Footbed in Allegro Size: US 9 /EU40

Women’s Footbed in Allegro Size: US 9 /EU40


FB08-ALG-9 Size: US 9 /EU40 Footbed by Naot Features: -Men’s Footbed in Allegro. -Available in whole sizes only. -Available in Medium width only. -Part of the Allegro collection. -Available in Allegro (FB08-ALG)….

Women's Footbed ins Elegant Size: US 8/EU 39

Women’s Footbed ins Elegant Size: US 8/EU 39


FB11-ELE-8 Size: US 8/EU 39 Footbed by Naot Features: -Men’s Footbed in Elegant. -Available in whole sizes only. -Available in Medium width only. -Part of the Elegant collection. -Available in Elegant (FB11-ELE)….

Women's Footbed Size: US 5 / EU36, Color: Koru

Women’s Footbed Size: US 5 / EU36, Color: Koru


FB19-KOR-5 Size: US 5 / EU36, Color: Koru Footbed by Naot Features: -Women’s Footbed in Koru. -Available in whole sizes only. -Available in Medium width only. -Part of the Koru collection. -Available in Koru (FB19-KOR)….

Naot Womens Salvador, 41, Black Matte

Naot Womens Salvador, 41, Black Matte


Naot Salvador Womens Black Matte…

Rocket Dog Clover

Tuesday, April 26th, 2011

do you like these shoes?

i have a pair of these in a differant color but my mom is always sayin there ugly but i really want to buy these and do you think they look good for a 14 yr old?

I personally think they are very cute! Go for it

Rocket Dog Clover

Rocket Dog Clover


Complete your trendy nautical style with this super casual step-in flat featuring a washed canvas upper with frayed seam accents, striped elastic detailing and raffia wrapped sole. By Rocket Dog Product Information • Heel Height – Flat • Material – Canvas • Toe – Round CALIFORNIA PROP 65 WARNING: Bakers strives to provide safe and environmentally friendly products. However, materi…

Rocket Dog Clover Zebra Burlap Flats

Rocket Dog Clover Zebra Burlap Flats

These cute Clover slip-on flats from Rocket Dog feature a black zebra pattern….

Rocket Dog Women's Clover Poncho Flats

Rocket Dog Women’s Clover Poncho Flats


Get the style & comfort of these multi colored flats that feature a stripe design and fabric upper….

ROCKET DOG Women's Clover

ROCKET DOG Women’s Clover


Your luck just changed, you found the easy and fun style of the Clover slip on by Rocket Dog! This casual canvas fabric slip on features textile lining, elastic gores near collar and heel and rope trim on the midsole for a summery finish. Canvas upperLogo detail on heelRubber and textile traction outsole…

Ariat Women’s Fatbaby

Monday, March 14th, 2011

Ariat Women’s Cobalt XR Pro or Ariat Women’s Cobalt Crepe Lacer . What pair is better for riding western?

I am trying to decide on a new pair of Ariat riding boots but can’t decied on the best pair for riding. What about the crepe sole, are they better? Or the Ariat Women’s ProBaby Lacer? I am not concerned about the cost I just want the best choice. I have a pair of english Ariat paddock boots that I ride in now and they are so comfortable but now I am riding western and want a new pair. I am concerned about the bulk of the western boots so I am leaning towards the lace up kind because they look narower but I love the look of the others. I also read that the fatbaby are too big for riding what about the probaby? Please Help!!!!

neither..they are too flashy and impractical…ariat womens heritage roper are what I have and they are so comfortable and last forever trust me those are the best..thats the only pair I have..have had them for 5 years and still look like new and are extremely comfortable even the first day you wear them…highly suggest them..have the rubber soles…seriously check it out..they aren’t all colorful and dont have flowers on them or anything but boy do they get the job done. I have the distressed brown ones and you don’t have to worry if they get dirty. Also, they aren’t that bulky..i could wear regular slim pants and the pant leg fits perfectly..but definately don’t wear with skinny jeans lol.But ya here is the link: good luck

Ariat Womens Fatbaby Three Piece Set Belt

Ariat Womens Fatbaby Three Piece Set Belt

Innovative styling and attention to detail in every piece made of premium leathers and superior construction for years of wear. Equestrian inspired and signature hardware featuring Ariat details and craftsmanship. Import….

Ariat Women's Fatbaby Cowgirl Boot

Ariat Women’s Fatbaby Cowgirl Boot


Ariat was founded with one simple objective: to provide the most technologically advanced riding boots for the world’s top equestrian athletes….

Ariat Women's Fatbaby II Boot

Ariat Women’s Fatbaby II Boot


The Women’s Western collection combines legendary Ariat comfort and technology with colors, silhouettes and stitch patterns that look as good as they perform. Four levels of technology provide the right stability and support for every event and skill level….

Ariat Women's Fatbaby Saddle

Ariat Women’s Fatbaby Saddle


The Women’s Western collection combines legendary Ariat comfort and technology with colors, silhouettes and stitch patterns that look as good as they perform. Four levels of technology provide the right stability and support for every event and skill level….

Ariat Women's Fatbaby Zip Boot

Ariat Women’s Fatbaby Zip Boot


Ariat was founded with one simple objective: to provide the most technologically advanced riding boots for the world’s top equestrian athletes….

Clarks Artisan Women’s Shire Town Wedge

Wednesday, March 2nd, 2011

Clarks Artisan Women's Shire Town Wedge

Clarks Artisan Women’s Shire Town Wedge


Experience the magic of the tailored, comfortable Clarks England Shire Town Mary Janes. Patent leather or suede upper in a dress Mary Jane style with an almond shaped toe and elasticized instep strap for a slip-on fit. Foam footbed with Active Air(R) technology for shock absorption. Cement construction for lightweight durability. Traction SSR rubber outsole. 2 1/4 inch leather-wrapped ABS hee…

Birkenstock Boston Soft Footbed Clog

Sunday, January 16th, 2011

Should i buy these (pics)?

ok, i cant afford to buy myself uggs, so i was thinking about getting some of those birkenstock clogs which are always on sale.
what do u think about these?

should i get them in
-very grape (i dont really like these at all)
hahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahah dayna you are so funny, omg i think im gunna die. woooo, ur just,…way too funny girl making me crack up

cocoa they will go with more of your outfits

Birkenstock Boston Soft Footbed Clog

Birkenstock Boston Soft Footbed Clog


Slip into a comfortable style with superior support and cushioning and get the feel and fit you want. This soft footbed Birkenstock clog embraces comfort with a “true-to-life” arch support that encourages even weight distribution, proper posture and a healthy step across the foot’s four arches. A layer of foam, inserted between cork and latex footbed and the suede sockliner, cushions your steps wi…

Birkenstock Women's Boston  Clog

Birkenstock Women’s Boston Clog


This back-to-basics unisex shoe is contoured for a natural fit and superior support. You’ll want to keep it on all day. The Birkenstock “True-to-life” arch support encourages even weight distribution, proper posture and a healthy step across the foot’s four arches. The cork and latex footbed, topped with soft suede, gently supports and cushions your steps. The EVA outsole absorbs shock, yet feels …

Birkenstock Boston Clog

Birkenstock Boston Clog


Imitated by many, our original classic clog is versatile for men, women and kids. Going strong after 30 years, this clog is a wardrobe basic year round. Enjoy the closed-toe comfort and support. Features an adjustable strap for fit….

Sperry Womens Bluefish

Wednesday, October 13th, 2010

Which Sperry Topsiders styles should I get?

Should I get the womens Bahama or the Bluefish?

Hi! I love sperrys! I have 6 pairs :)

Bahamas are a little cheaper but bluefish are a better fit!

I say if you have to pick one get bluefish

SPERRY TOPSIDER Bluefish 2 Eye Womens Boat Shoes

SPERRY TOPSIDER Bluefish 2 Eye Womens Boat Shoes


The Sperry Top-Sider is a legendary boat shoe, prized for its comfort and casual style. Soft leather upper in a classic boat style casual is stain resistant and perfect for everyday wear or on a boat. Horse hair detailing on sides in a flirty animal print adds fun to function. Flexible, lightweight signature boat style outsole with a slip resistant sole. Style # 9173972…

Bluefish 2 Eye Boat Shoe -Ladies

Bluefish 2 Eye Boat Shoe -Ladies


You can’t go wrong with a boat shoe in the summer. Nautical style is always perfect for warm weather. These 2 Eye Moccasins from Sperry offer contrast stitching and mesh panels, to help ensure breathability. A rubber outsole adds traction and durability, making these slip-ons perfect for days on the boat or at the pool. The full-grain leather upper is flexible, keeping you in comfort no matter how…

Sperry Womens Bluefish 2 Eye

Sperry Womens Bluefish 2 Eye


Genuine Handsewn Construction and Padded Tongue for Durable Comfort…

Sperry Womens Bluefish 2 Eye

Sperry Womens Bluefish 2 Eye


Put a nautical twist in your casual style with the Sperry Top-Sider Women’s Bluefish Barrel Tassel Boat Shoe. These moccasin-style slip-ons feature water-resistant leather uppers accented with contrast stitching and fun, plaid-fabric detailing. A double-eyelet lace finishes the look. Comfort is ensured by a padded tongue and molded EVA cushioned insole, and air mesh upper panels. Perfect for the b…

KEEN Women’s Newport

Saturday, August 21st, 2010

Golf – Its History and My Funny Golfing Art prints

One of Britain’s favorite Sports is Golf which It is believed a form of ball and club sport called ‘Paganica’ was first played in Londinium ( London, England ) by the Romans in 150 AD. Whilst the argument continues on who first invented the sport of Golf, the one certain fact concerning the origins of golf, is that modern golf rules were first played in Scotland in the form we know of today. It would appear that in around 1353, golfers adopted the principle of allowing each team to hit a second uninterrupted shot. Previously, teams of players would alternate hitting a ball back and forth across the links in Fife.

The history of golf shows that golf also rapidly acquired such a popularity, that it eclipsed the sport of archery. Archery was so vital to Scotland’s national defence, that the playing of golf in Scotland was made a criminal offence punishable by hanging. The modern game of golf we understand today is generally considered to be a Scottish Invention, as the game was mentioned in two 15th-century Acts of the Scottish Parliament, prohibiting the playing of the game of gowf because it was taking time from archery practice, which was necessary for national defense.

The modern game of golf originated and developed in Scotland: the first permanent golf course originated in Scotland, as well as membership in the first golf clubs. The very first written rules originated there, as did the establishment of the 18-hole course. The first formalized tournament structures developed and competitions were held between various Scottish cities. Before long, the modern game of golf had spread from Scotland to England and from there to the rest of the world. The oldest playing golf course in the world is The Old Links at Musselburgh Links. Evidence has shown that golf was played on Musselburgh Links in 1672, although Mary, Queen of Scots reputedly played there in 1567.

In 1603 James VI of Scotland suceeded to the throne of England. He and his courtiers played golf at Blackheath, London, from which the Royal Blackheath Golf Club traces its origins. There is evidence that Scottish soldiers, expatriates and emigrants took the game to British colonies and elsewhere during the 18th and early 19th centuries.

The Royal Calcutta Golf Club and the club at Pau in south western France are notable reminders of these excursions and are the oldest golf clubs ouside the British Isles and the oldest in continental Europe respectively. However, it was not until the late 19th century that Golf became more widely popular outside of its Scottish home.

By the 1860s there were regular services from London to Edinburgh. The royal enthusiam for Scotland, the much improved transport links and the writings of Sir Walter Scott caused a boom for tourism in Scotland and a wider interest in Scottish history and culture outside of the country. This period also co-incided with the development of the Gutty; a golf ball made of Gutta Percha which was cheaper to mass produce, more durable and more consistent in quality and performance than the feather filled leather balls used previously. Golf began to spread across the rest of the British Isles. In 1864 the golf course at the resort of Westward Ho! became the first new course in England since Blackheath. In 1880 England had 12 courses, rising to 50 in 1887 and over 1000 by 1914. The game in England had progressed sufficiently by 1890 to produce its first Open Championship, John Ball. The game also started to spread further across the British Commonwealth and at British Tourist destinations.

By the 1880s golf clubs had been established in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa. Singapore followed in 1891. Courses were also established in several continental european resorts for the benefit of British visitors.

The word golf was first mentioned in writing in 1457 on a Scottish Parliamentary Statute on forbidden games as gouf, possibly derived from the Scots word goulf (variously spelled) meaning “to strike or cuff”. This word may, in turn, be derived the Dutch word Kolf, meaning “bat,” or “club,” and the Dutch sport of the same name.

Timeline on the history of golf from 150 AD to 1900 AD:

  • 150 AD ball and club sport called ‘Paganica’ was first played in Londinium ( London, England ) by the Romans.

  • 1354 – The first recorded reference to “chole”, the probable antecedent of golf. It is a derivative of hockey played in Flanders.

  • 1421 – A Scottish regiment aiding the French against the English at the Siege of Bauge is introduced to the game of chole. Hugh Kennedy, Robert Stewart and John Smale, three of the identified players, are credited with introducing the game in Scotland.

  • 1457 – Golf, along with football, is banned by the Scots Parliament of James II to preserve the skills of Archery by prohibiting gowf on Sundays because it has interfered with military training for the wars against the English.

  • 1470 – The ban on golf is reaffirmed by the Parliament of James III.

  • 1491 – The golf ban is affirmed again by Parliament, this time under James IV.

  • 1502 – With the signing of the Treaty of Glasgow between England and Scotland, the ban on golf is lifted.

    • James IV makes the first recorded purchase of golf equipment, a set of golf clubs from a bow-maker in Perth.

  • 1513 – Queen Catherine, queen consort of England, in a letter to Cardinal Wolsey, refers to the growing popularity of golf in England.

  • 1527 – The first commoner recorded as a golfer is Sir Robert Maule, described as playing on Barry Links, Angus (near the modern-day town of Carnoustie).

  • 1552 – The first recorded evidence of golf at St. Andrews, Fife.

  • 1553 – The Archbishop of St Andrews issues a decree giving the local populace the right to play golf on the links at St. Andrews.

  • 1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots, seen playing golf shortly after the death of her husband Lord Darnley, is the first known female golfer.

  • 1589 – Golf is banned in the Blackfriars Yard, Glasgow. This is the earliest reference to golf in the west of Scotland.

  • 1592 – The Royal Burgh of Edinburgh bans golfing at Leith on Sunday “in tyme of sermonis.” (Eng: sermons)

  • 1618 – Invention of the featherie ball.

    • King James VI of Scotland and I of England confirms the right of the populace to play golf on Sundays.

  • 1621 – First recorded reference to golf on the links of Dornoch (later Royal Dornoch), in the far north of Scotland.

  • 1641 – Charles I is playing golf at Leith when he learns of the Irish rebellion, marking the beginning of the English Civil War. He finishes his round.

  • 1642 – John Dickson receives a licence as ball-maker for Aberdeen.

  • 1659 – Golf is banned from the streets of Albany, New York-the first reference to golf in America.

  • 1682 – In the first recorded international golf match, the Duke of York and John Paterstone of Scotland defeat two English noblemen in a match played on the links of Leith.

    • Andrew Dickson, carrying clubs for the Duke of York, is the first recorded caddy.

  • 1687 – A book by Thomas Kincaid, Thoughts on Golve, contains the first references on how golf clubs are made.

  • 1721 – Earliest reference to golf at Glasgow Green, the first course played in the west of Scotland.

  • 1724 – “A solemn match of golf” between Alexander Elphinstone and Captain John Porteous becomes the first match reported in a newspaper. Elphinstone fights and wins a duel on the same ground in 1729.

  • 1735 – The Royal Burgess Golfing Society of Edinburgh is formed.[1]

  • 1743 – Thomas Mathison’s epic The Goff is the first literary effort devoted to golf.

  • 1744 – The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers is formed, playing at Leith links. It is the first golf club.

    • The Royal Burgh of Edinburgh pays for a Silver Cup to be awarded to the annual champion in an open competition played at Leith. John Rattray is the first champion.

  • 1754 – Golfers at St. Andrews purchase a Silver Cup for an open championship played on the Old Course. Bailie William Landale is the first champion.

    • The first codified Rules of Golf published by the St. Andrews Golfers (later the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews).

  • 1759 – Earliest reference to stroke play, at St. Andrews. Previously, all play was match.

  • 1761 – The Bruntsfield Links Golfing Society of Edinburgh is formed.[2]

  • 1764 – The competition for the Silver Club at Leith is restricted to members of the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers.

    • The first four holes at St. Andrews are combined into two, reducing the round from twenty-two holes (11 out and in) to 18 (nine out and in). St. Andrews is the first 18-hole golf course, and sets the standard for future courses.

  • 1766 – The Blackheath Club in London becomes the first golf club formed outside of Scotland.

  • 1767 – The score of 94 returned by James Durham at St. Andrews in the Silver Cup competition sets a record unbroken for 86 years.

  • 1768 – The Golf House at Leith is erected. It is the first golf clubhouse.

  • 1773 – Competition at St. Andrews is restricted to members of the Leith and St. Andrews societies.

  • 1774 – Thomas McMillan offers a Silver Cup for competition at Musselburgh, East Lothian. He wins the first championship.

    • The first part-time golf course professional (at the time also the greenkeeper) is hired, by the Edinburgh Burgess Society.

  • 1780 – The Society of Golfers at Aberdeen (later the Royal Aberdeen Golf Club) is formed.

  • 1783 – A Silver Club is offered for competition at Glasgow.

  • 1786 – The South Carolina Golf Club is formed in Charleston, the first golf club outside of the United Kingdom.

    • The Crail Golfing Society is formed.

  • 1788 – The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers requires members to wear club uniform when playing on the links.

  • 1797 – The Burntisland Golf Club is formed.

    • The town of St. Andrews sells the land containing the Old Course (known then as Pilmor Links), to Thomas Erskine for 805 pounds. Erskine was required to preserve the course for golf.

  • 1806 – The St. Andrews Club chooses to elect its captains rather than award captaincy to the winner of the Silver Cup. Thus begins the tradition of the Captain “playing himself into office,” by hitting a single shot before the start of the annual competition.

  • 1810 – Earliest recorded reference to a women’s competition at Musselburgh.

  • 1820 – The Bangalore Club is formed.

  • 1824 – The Perth Golfing Society is formed, later Royal Perth (the first club so honored).

  • 1826 – Hickory imported from America is used to make golf shafts.

  • 1829 – The Dum Dum Golfing Club, later Calcutta Golf Club (and later still Royal Calcutta) is formed.

  • 1832 – The North Berwick Club is founded, the first to include women in its activities, although they are not permitted to play in competitions.

  • 1833 – King William IV confers the distinction of “Royal” on the Perth Golfing Society; as Royal Perth it is the first Club to hold the distinction.

    • The St. Andrews Golfers ban the stymie, but rescind the ban one year later.

  • 1834 – William IV confers the title “Royal and Ancient” on the Golf Club at St. Andrews.

  • 1836 – The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers abandons the deteriorating Leith Links, moving to Musselburgh.

    • The longest drive ever recorded with a feathery ball, 361 yards, is achieved by Samuel Messieux at Elysian Fields.

  • 1842 – The Bombay Golfing Society (later Royal Bombay) is founded.

  • 1844 – Blackheath follows Leith in expanding its course from five to seven holes. North Berwick also had seven holes at the time, although the trend toward a standard eighteen had begun.

  • 1848 – Invention of the “guttie,” the gutta-percha ball. It flies farther than the feathery and is much less expensive. It contributes greatly to the expansion of the game.

The Bangalore golf club was formed in 1868 and not 1820 as stated in timeline.[



The Prestwick Golf Club is founded.


The Royal Curragh Golf Club is founded at Kildare, the first golf club in Ireland. Pau Golf Club is founded, the first on the Continent.

A rule change is enacted that, in match play, the ball must be played as it lies or the hole be conceded. It is the last recorded toughening of the rules structure.


"The Golfer's Manual", by "A Keen Hand" (H. B. Farnie), is published. It is the first book on golf instruction.

The Prestwick Club institutes the first Championship Meeting, a foursomes competition at St. Andrews attended by eleven golf clubs. George Glennie and J.C. Stewart win for Blackheath.


The format of the Championship Meeting is changed to individual match play and is won by Robert Chambers of Bruntsfield.

Allan Robertson becomes the first golfer to break 80 at the Old Course, recording a 79.

The King James VI Golf Club is founded in Perth, Scotland.


The first Amateur Championship is won by George Condie of Perth.

Death of Allan Robertson, the first great professional golfer.

[edit] 1860–1870


The Prestwick Club institutes a Professional Championship played at Prestwick; the first Championship Belt is won by Willie Park, Snr.


The Professionals Championship is opened to amateurs, and the The Open Championship is born. The first competition is won by Old Tom Morris.


The North Devon Golf Club is founded at Westward Ho!


The Ladies’ Golf Club at St. Andrews is founded, the first golf club for women.


The Liverpool Golf Club is founded at Hoylake, later Royal Liverpool.

Young Tom Morris, age 17, wins the first of four successive Open Championships. His streak would include an 11-stroke victory in 1869 and a 12-stroke victory in 1870 (in a 36-hole format). His 149 in the 1870 Open over 36 holes is a stroke average that would not be equalled until the invention of the rubber-cored ball.

[edit] 1870–1880


Young Tom Morris wins his third consecutive Open Championship, thus winning permanent possession of the Belt.

The Royal Adelaide Golf Club is founded, the first golf club in Australia.


The Otago Golf Club is formed, the first club in New Zealand.


The Open Championship is reinstituted when Prestwick, St. Andrews and the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers offer a new trophy, with the Open Championship to be hosted in rotation by the three clubs.

Young Tom Morris wins his fourth consecutive Open Championship.


The Christchurch Golf Club is formed, the second club in New Zealand.

The Royal Montreal Golf Club is formed, the first club in Canada.

The Open Championship is held for the first time at the Old Course.


The Oxford and Cambridge University Golf Clubs are founded.

Young Tom Morris dies at age 24. He did not emotionally recover from the death of both his wife and their daughter in childbirth earlier that year.

Vesper Country Club is formed in Tyngsboro, MA.


The first University Match is played at Wimbledon, won by Oxford.

[edit] 1880–1890


Royal Belfast is founded.

The use of moulds is instituted to dimple the gutta-percha ball. Golfers had long noticed that the guttie worked in the air much better after it had been hit several times and scuffed up.


Bob Ferguson of Musselburgh, losing The Open in extra holes, comes one victory shy of equalling Young Tom Morris’ record of four consecutive titles. Ferguson ends up later in life penniless, working out of the Musselburgh caddy-shack.


The Oakhurst Golf Club is founded at White Sulphur Springs. The first hole at The Homestead survives from this course and is the oldest surviving golf hole in America.


The Amateur Championship is first played at Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.

The Royal Cape Golf Club is founded at Wynberg, South Africa, the first club in Africa.


A.J. Balfour is appointed Chief Secretary (Cabinet Minister) for Ireland; his rise to political and social prominence has an incalculable effect on the popularity of golf, as he is an indefatigable player and catalyzes great interest in the game through his writing and public speaking.


“The Art of Golf” by Sir Walter Simpson is published.


The Foxburg Country Club is founded in Foxburg, Pennsylvania, the oldest golf course in the United States in continuous use in one place.

1888 Kebo Valley Golf Club is the 8th oldest Golf course in the US.


The St. Andrew’s Golf Club is founded in Yonkers, New York, the oldest surviving golf club in America.

[edit] 1890–1900


John Ball, an English amateur, becomes the first non-Scotsman and first amateur to win The Open Championship.

Bogey is invented by Hugh Rotherham, as the score of the hypothetical golfer playing perfect golf at every hole. Rotherham calls this a “Ground Score,” but Dr. Thomas Brown, honorary Secretary of the Great Yarmouth Club, christens this hypothetical man a “Bogey Man,” after a popular song of the day, and christens his score a “Bogey.” With the invention of the rubber-cored ball golfers are able to reach the greens in fewer strokes, and so bogey has come to represent one over the par score for the hole.


The Golfing Union of Ireland is founded on 12 October 1891 and is the oldest Golfing Union in the world.

Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is founded on Long Island.

Warkworth Golf Club is founded in Northumberland, designed by Old Tom Morris


Palmetto Golf Club established in Aiken, South Carolina.

Glen Arven Country Club golf course established in Thomasville, Georgia USA; the oldest course still in use in Georgia.

Gate money is charged for the first time, at a match between Douglas Rollard and Jack White at Cambridge. The practice of paying for matches through private betting, rather than gate receipts and sponsorships, survives well into the 20th Century as a “Calcutta,” but increasingly gate receipts are the source of legitimate prize purses.

The Amateur Golf Championship of India and the East is instituted, the first international championship event.


The Ladies’ Golf Union of Great Britain and Ireland is founded and the first British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship won by Lady Margaret Scott at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club.

The Irish Ladies’ Golf Union is founded and is the oldest Ladies Golf Union in the world.

The Chicago Golf Club opens the United States’ first 18-hole golf course on the site of the present-day Downers Grove Golf Course. The Chicago Golf Club moved to its current location in 1895.

Victoria Golf Club is formed and remains the oldest course west of the Mississippi on its original site.

The Segregansett Country Club opens in Taunton, Massachusetts. This course is still in operation.


The Open is played on an English course for the first time and is won for the first time by an Englishman, J.H. Taylor. Taylor, along with Harry Vardon and James Braid (together known as the Great Triumvirate) would dominate the Open Championship for the next two decades.

The United States Golf Association is founded as the Amateur Golf Association of the United States. Charter members are the Chicago Golf Club, The Country Club, Newport Country Club, St. Andrew’s Golf Club, and Shinnecock Hills Golf Club.

Tacoma Golf Club is founded, the first golf club on the US Pacific Coast.


The U.S. Amateur Championship is instituted, with Charles B. Macdonald winning the inaugural event. The first United States Open is held the following day, with Horace Rawlins winning.

July 6, 1895 – Van Cortlandt Park Golf Course opens – the first public golf course in America.

The pool cue is banned as a putter by the USGA.

The U.S. Women’s Amateur is instituted. Mrs. Charles S. Brown (née Lucy N. Barnes)[1] is the first winner.


Harry Vardon wins his first British Open.


The first NCAA Championship is held. Louis Bayard, Jr. is the winner.

“Golf”, America’s first golfing magazine, is published for the first time.


The term “birdie” is coined at Atlantic C.C. from “a bird of a hole.”

Freddie Tait, betting he could reach the Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club clubhouse from the clubhouse at Royal St George’s Golf Club – a three mile distance – in forty shots or less, puts his 32nd stroke through a window at the Cinque Ports club.

The Haskell ball is designed and patented by Coburn Haskell. It is the first rubber-cored ball.

Church Stretton Golf Club is founded, the oldest 18-hole course in Shropshire and one of the highest courses in England and the United Kingdom.


The Western Open is first played at Glenview G.C., the first tournament in what would evolve into the PGA Tour.


Walter Travis wins the first of his three U.S. Amateur Championships. Harry Vardon wins the U.S. Open, the first golfer to win both the British and U.S. Opens.

Golf is placed on the Olympic calendar for the 2nd Games at Paris.

Please visit my Funny Animal Art Prints Collection @

My other website is called Directory of British Icons:

The Chinese call Britain ‘The Island of Hero’s’ which I think sums up what we British are all about. We British are inquisitive and competitive and are always looking over the horizon to the next adventure and discovery.

Copyright © 2010 Paul Hussey. All Rights Reserved.



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